Tailscale golink: Private Shortlinks for your Tailnet

I've shared in the past about how I use custom search engines in Chrome as quick web shortcuts. And I may have mentioned my love for Tailscale a time or two as well. Well I recently learned of a way to combine these two passions: Tailscale golink. The golink announcement post on the Tailscale blog offers a great overview of the service:

Using golink, you can create and share simple go/name links for commonly accessed websites, so that anyone in your network can access them no matter the device they’re on — without requiring browser extensions or fiddling with DNS settings. And because golink integrates with Tailscale, links are private to users in your tailnet without any separate user management, logins, or security policies.

And these go links don't have to be simply static shortcuts either; they can also conditionally insert text into the target URL. That lets the shortcuts work similarly to my custom search engines in Chrome, but they are available on any device in my tailnet rather than just those that run Chrome. The shortcuts even work from command-line utilities like curl, provided that you pass a flag like -L to follow redirects. Moon weather report

Sounds great - but how do you actually make golink available on your tailnet? Well, here's what I did to deploy the golink Docker image on a Photon OS VM I set up running on my Quartz64 running ESXi-ARM.

Tailnet prep

There are three things I'll need to do in the Tailscale admin portal before moving on:

Create an ACL tag

I assign ACL tags to devices in my tailnet based on their location and/or purpose, and I'm then able to use those in a policy to restrict access between certain devices. To that end, I'm going to create a new tag:golink tag for this purpose. Creating a new tag in Tailscale is really just going to the Access Controls page of the admin console and editing the policy to specify a tagOwner who is permitted to assign the tag:

 1	"groups":
 2		"group:admins": ["john@example.com"],
 3	},
 4	"tagOwners": {
 5		"tag:home":   ["group:admins"],
 6		"tag:cloud":  ["group:admins"],
 7		"tag:client": ["group:admins"],
 8		"tag:dns":    ["group:admins"],
 9		"tag:rsync":  ["group:admins"],
10		"tag:funnel": ["group:admins"],
11		"tag:golink": ["group:admins"],
12	},

Configure ACL access

This step is really only necessary since I've altered the default Tailscale ACL and prevent my nodes from communicating with each other unless specifically permitted. I want to make sure that everything on my tailnet can access golink:

 1"acls": [
 2		{
 3			// make golink accessible to everything
 4			"action": "accept",
 5			"users":  ["*"],
 6			"ports": [
 7				"tag:golink:80",
 8			],
 9		},
10  ...
11	],

Create an auth key

The last prerequisite task is to create a new authentication key that the golink container can use to log in to Tailscale since I won't be running tailscale interactively. This can easily be done from the Settings page. I'll go ahead and set the key to expire in 1 day (since I'm going to use it in just a moment), make sure that the Ephemeral option is disabled (since I don't want the new node to lose its authorization once it disconnects), and associate it with my new tag:golink tag.

Creating a new auth key

Applying that tag does two things for me: (1) it makes it easy to manage access with the ACL policy file edited above, and (2) it automatically sets it so that the node's token won't automatically expire. Once it's auth'd and connected to my tailnet, it'll stay there.

After clicking the Generate key button, the key will be displayed. This is the only time it will be visible so be sure to copy it somewhere safe!

Docker setup

The golink repo offers this command for running the container:

1docker run -it --rm ghcr.io/tailscale/golink:main

The doc also indicates that I can pass the auth key to the golink service via the TS_AUTHKEY environment variable, and that all the configuration will be stored in /home/nonroot (which will be owned by uid/gid 65532). I'll take this knowledge and use it to craft a docker-compose.yml to simplify container management.

1mkdir -p golink/data
2cd golink
3chmod 65532:65532 data
4vi docker-compose.yaml
 1# golink docker-compose.yaml
 2version: '3'
 3services:
 4  golink:
 5    container_name: golink
 6    restart: unless-stopped
 7    image: ghcr.io/tailscale/golink:main
 8    volumes:
 9      - './data:/home/nonroot'
10    environment:
11      - TS_AUTHKEY=MY_TS_AUTHKEY

I can then start the container with sudo docker-compose up -d, and check the Tailscale admin console to see that the new machine was registered successfully: Newly registered machine

And I can point a web browser to go/ and see the (currently-empty) landing page: Empty go page

Security cleanup!

The TS_AUTHKEY is only needed for this initial authentication; now that the container is connected to my Tailnet I can remove that line from the docker-compose.yaml file to avoid having a sensitive credential hanging around. Future (re)starts of the container will use the token stored in the golink database.

Get go'ing

Getting started with golink is pretty simple - just enter a shortname and a destination: Creating a new link

So now when I enter go/vcenter it will automatically take me to the vCenter in my homelab. That's handy... but we can do better. You see, golink also supports Go template syntax, which allows it to behave a bit like those custom search engines I mentioned earlier.

I can go to go/.detail/LINK_NAME to edit the link, so I hit up go/.detail/vcenter and add a bit to the target URL:

1https://vcsa.lab.bowdre.net/ui/{{with .Path}}app/search?query={{.}}&searchType=simple{{end}}

Now if I just enter go/vcenter I will go to the vSphere UI, while if I enter something like go/vcenter/vm_name I will instead be taken directly to the corresponding search results.

Some of my other golinks:

Shortlink Destination URL Description
code https://github.com/search?type=code&q=user:jbowdre{{with .Path}}+{{.}}{{end}} searches my code on Github
ipam https://ipam.lab.bowdre.net/{{with .Path}}tools/search/{{.}}{{end}} searches my lab phpIPAM instance
pdb https://www.protondb.com/{{with .Path}}search?q={{.}}{{end}} searches protondb, super-handy for checking game compatibility when Tailscale is installed on a Steam Deck
tailnet https://login.tailscale.com/admin/machines?q={{.Path}} searches my Tailscale admin panel for a machine name
vpot8 https://www.virtuallypotato.com/{{with .Path}}search?query={{.}}{{end}} searches this here site
sho https://www.shodan.io/{{with .Path}}search?query={{.}}{{end}} searches Shodan for interesting internet-connected systems
tools https://neeva.com/spaces/m_Bhx8tPfYQbOmaW1UHz-3a_xg3h2amlogo2GzgD shortcut to my Tech Toolkit space on Neeva
randpass https://www.random.org/passwords/?num=1\u0026len=24\u0026format=plain\u0026rnd=new generates a random 24-character string suitable for use as a password (curl-friendly)
wx https://wttr.in/{{ .Path }} local weather report based on geolocation or weather for a designated city (curl-friendly)

Back up and restore

You can browse to go/.export to see a JSON-formatted listing of all configured shortcuts - or, if you're clever, you could do something like curl http://go/.export -o links.json to download a copy.

To restore, just pass --snapshot /path/to/links.json when starting golink. What I usually do is copy the file into the data folder that I'm mounting as a Docker volume, and then just run:

1sudo docker exec golink /golink --sqlitedb /home/nonroot/golink.db --snapshot /home/nonroot/links.json

Conclusion

This little golink utility has been pretty handy on my Tailnet so far. It seems so simple, but I'm really impressed by how well it works. If you happen to try it out, I'd love to hear how you're putting it to use.


runtimeterror


 jbowdre